Step 2 – Upgrade your career for AI
In this module, you’ll learn about how AI
will impact your career and our labor economy.
In addition, you’ll learn how to upgrade your
career to prepare for the coming wave of AI-automation.
Will AI take my job?
This is probably the most common question
that I get asked when I tell people
that I work with AI.
During each of the previous technology revolutions,
we’ve seen fundamental shifts in employment.
During the agricultural revolution, we saw
the rise of the farmer
and a decline of the hunter and gatherer.
During the industrial revolution, we saw the
rise of the factory worker
and a decline of the artisan and craftsman.
During the information revolution, we saw
the rise of the knowledge worker
and a decline of the manual laborer.
During the AI revolution, we will likely see
a similar shift in careers within our labor economy.
Imagine you could ask a horse in the early
1900’s how the automobile or tractor
would have changed its life.
It probably would have told you that a car
or a tractor was going to make it’s life a lot easier.
Unfortunately for the horse, these technologies
also made them obsolete to the economy.
In fact, we hit “peak horse” in 1915 just
as the automobile and tractor
began to scale up in production.
Today, the emergence of modern AI is beginning
to have a strong impact on our labor economy.
In the near future, this impact on labor will
likely be tremendous.
AI will automate a significant number of jobs
in the next few decades.
Given the economics driving this trend it’s
less a matter of *if* a given job will be replaced
and more a matter of *when*.
Some experts are currently attempting to predict
which jobs are most likely to be automated
based on measures like their repetitiveness
Based on these measures, we can see what type
of AI technology will be necessary
to automate a variety of occupational tasks.
For example, we can see which retail jobs
will likely be automated in the coming years
as AI continues to be applied to retail sales.
Even the medical industry isn’t immune to
the coming wave of automation.
While these medical tasks are generally more
complex and less repetitive than most jobs,
they are rapidly becoming within the reach
of modern AI.
We can then extrapolate this information to
determine which sectors of our economy
will be hit the hardest by AI automation.
The length of the bars in this chart represent
the total number of workers in each type of
employment in the USA as of 2016.
The red bar segments represent the proportion
of jobs at risk of automation
in the next two decades.
While the blue bar segments represent the
proportion jobs that are not at risk of automation
in the next two decades.
As we can see, the future landscape of labor
in the next few decades
is likely going to look radically different
than it currently does today.
In fact, we can even use these data to predict
which cities will be most impacted
by unemployment from AI automation.
As we can see, Las Vegas, Nevada, where I
live, is currently at the top of the list.
In fact, it’s predicted that 65% of all jobs
in Las Vegas are at risk of automation by 2035.
And roughly half of all jobs in the United
States are at risk of automation
in the next two decades.
There are certainly jobs that will be more
resistant to automation.
These jobs require more human aspects like
compassion, creativity, empathy, and trust.
However, there many jobs today that are unlikely
to exist in the next few decades.
This will create a tremendous disruption to
our labor economy with unemployment, retraining,
and early retirement.
On the other hand, it will create tremendous
opportunities for new jobs that don’t yet exist
and for the IT professionals that build
these automation systems.
The big question right now is whether AI will
create more jobs than it eliminates?
Historically, technology revolutions have created more new job opportunities than they’ve destroyed.
However, there’s pretty compelling evidence
to suggest that the AI revolution may be different.
We’re beginning to transition from an economy
where most of the work of value is done by humans
to one where most work of value
will be done by machines.
As a result, it’s important that you ask yourself:
Which side of this new economy will your job be on?
The side that’s leading our new economy …
or the side that’s being eliminated.
How should you upgrade your career for AI?
What should you be doing today to prepare
your career for the coming wave of AI automation?
First, determine if your job is at risk of
automation from AI.
Is your job simple, repetitive, dangerous,
error prone, or expensive?
If so, it’s at a higher risk of being automated.
Or is your job complex, creative, compassionate,
or uniquely human?
If so, it’s at a lower risk of being automated.
However, it’s important to note that most
jobs will not be completely automated.
Rather, many of the day-to-day tasks within
your job will become automated,
but some tasks will still remain.
As a result, you may likely spend most of
your day essentially managing software
or babysitting robots.
In addition, one AI-assisted worker will likely
be able to do the job of several regular human workers.
So there will be less total workers needed
for each type of job
and competition for those jobs will likely
become more fierce.
Second, decide if your company is at risk
of becoming obsolete within our AI-first economy.
Are you in still using traditional business
tools and processes
while your competitors are automating with AI?
Are you still relying on guesswork while others
are using data to improve decision making?
Or, are you in an industry that is currently being
disrupted by a new AI-enabled business model?
If so, you either need to help your company
embrace AI now
or you may want to find an employer that’s already moving in the right direction.
Unfortunately, it’s quite likely that many
employers that are resistant to automation using AI
will not survive this impending technology revolution.
Third, you need to choose an AI career path.
You need to decide how closely and deeply
you want to work with AI.
If you want to train AI models,
you’ll need to find a company with lots of data
and compute power for training these
If you want to develop AI applications,
you’ll need to work for a tech company with
access to pre-trained AI models
from 3rd-party providers.
If you just want to use AI tools to improve
then you can work for anyone – provided that
they encourage the use of new AI-enabled tools.
Ultimately, you need to decide what you want
to do with AI before you can choose your career path.
Forth, get into the AI value stream.
You don’t need to work at Google to make a
good living in our new AI economy.
However, you do want to be part of the AI
or the ecosystem built on top of
these new technologies.
This can involve working for tech companies
in horizontal markets
that are positioned within the AI value stream.
For example, companies working on:
the Internet of Things,
Big Data, virtual reality, augmented reality,
robotics, and drones.
Or it can involve working for vertical industries
that are built on top of AI technologies.
Essentially, look for industries that generate
lots of data to train AI models
or use AI models to improve their existing
products and services.
Finally, focus on the uniquely-human aspects
of your job.
Avoid specializing too deeply on the tasks
that can be easily automated.
These include tasks that are simple, repetitious,
error prone, or dangerous.
Instead, specialize in the aspects of your
job that cannot be easily automated.
These include aspects like: human interaction,
creativity, compassion, and establishing trust.
These are the tasks that will still remain
when all of the mundane tasks have been automated away.
To recap our second recommendation:
upgrade your career for AI.
Determine if your job is at risk of automation,
decide if your company is at risk of becoming obsolete,
choose an AI career path,
get into the AI value stream,
and focus on the human aspects of your job.