The Monkland Canal

Hi, and welcome to exploring old maps. Today we’re going to look at the monklands and kirkintilloch Railway, the Glasgow and gone Kerch Railway, and a bit of background to that with the monklands Canal. I’m Ross Maynard, and I hope you enjoy this video. Before we proceed too far, I just want to make a few notes in terms of copyright. The old maps that we’re going to look at from the National Library of Scotland website, and they are shared with permission of the National Library of Scotland under the Creative Commons By Attribution license. We’ll also look at some OpenStreetMap data. And that’s also shared under Creative Commons By Attribution sharealike two point naught license and the reference there is copyright to OpenStreetMap contributors. And there’s a website address there. The modern maps that we see a mainly copyright of Microsoft They are not licensed for commercial use. One of the reasons why this is a free video, and you’ll have to seek Express permission if you’re planning to use any of these maps for commercial purposes. And finally, the ship’s bell sound at the beginning there. That’s by Mike kornek. of sound Bible calm. And this is also used under creative commons license, three point naught. Right. We’re going to get started with the monkland Canal first, because I want to give a bit of background history before talking about the two railway lines. Now at the end of the 1700s the Industrial Revolution was beginning to take hold, and the demand for coal in Glasgow was rising. That meant the price of coal was rising rapidly, and traders and manufacturers and others were extremely unhappy about that. plentiful coal was available in the Atlantic shut coal mines, which were only 10 to 12 miles away. But the transport by horse and cart was very expensive and very slow. So the answer seemed to be to build a canal canals were very popular in the 1700s and work started on the monkland Canal in June 1770. It was managed by the famous James Watt, but he experienced many difficulties with construction, and he left the project in 1773. Presumably to continue his interest in steam engines. seven miles had been completed at that point, the monkland Canal finally reached Coatbridge in 1794 24 years after it been started, even though it’s only 12 miles long. Once it was opened, though, the price of coal in Glasgow dropped dramatically. So let’s have a look at the map for the monkland Canal. Alright, let’s have a look at the wonderful National Library of Scotland side by side mapping website address there is given at the top of the page And then you can navigate to side by side mapping. on our left we have the old map from the city of Glasgow, which is where we’re going to start. This is the Ordnance Survey one inch to one mile map 1885 to 1900, we’ll have a quick look at what other maps are available in the second. On the right, we have a modern map, which is Microsoft Bing Maps, and these are copyright to Microsoft Corporation. Okay for personal use, but not for commercial use. Right, we start with the city of Glasgow. And just before we can use these drop down menus here to look at all sorts of different maps. So I often use here the six inch to one mile map from 1888 to 1913, which as we zoom in, gives us much better detail. And we can see both maps zooming together. But we’ve also got plenty of other scope. We’ve got a 25 inch map here, which is rather interesting. We’ll zoom in on that in a moment. We have maps from 1937 to 61 here so that gives us a different view. This is the area that we’re going to be starting in port on desk for the start of the monkland Canal. We can zoom ahead again, what we got there Ordnance Survey 1920s. Interesting. And right forward to 1949 to 1968. Again, port on this wall zooming in there as we start to look at the start of the canal. We can see it there. What else we’ve got, we’ve got seven series 1955 as well springbank it’s now being called. Okay, so let’s jump back. Let’s go with this 819 80 1892 map. We can see here at the start, we’re not going to do that the picture is not that good is it? The start of the monkland Canal. Originally it came here to airport done hdacis marked, but later it was extended to meet with the forth and Clyde canal, which is just up here. Right and we’re going to switch to the six inch map because I find that gives a good level of detail and enables us to see things and here we are. This is the fourth and Clyde canal along here which goes all the way to the first the fourth near Grange mouth. And here we have the monkland Canal going down the bottom here. Now this extension to the forth and Clyde canal was built a few years after the main part of the canal. But it seemed useful to join the two canals together. Right so moving along the monkland. Now we move down and we see on the roadmap Partick thistle football ground, which clearly wasn’t there on the 18th 88 map. So if we jump forward a little bit, let’s look at 1937 61. But it’s on there there. Yes, there we have the football ground there. So at some point in the early 1900s is another one, see if that’s something that one not there on the 1900s map. So between 1900 1910 whatever for Hill football ground was built, and the canal runs right past it. Let’s jump back to the six inch map and continue our journey along. We can see there’s a lot of industrial site here and we come to port dumb deaths. And there was originally if we zoom in a bit, now whiskey distillery here, which is very interesting. And I know that some of these properties are still owned by the NGO who were united distillers. So that’s obviously where the sources of that come from. Zoom out a second. Here we see it where the Edinburgh to Glasgow Main Line still the main line comes in, and the line goes down to Queen Street Station, which is down here at the bottom. Now, we see that Queen Street Station is on there on the 1888 map, but it certainly wasn’t there. Back when the monkland and kirkintilloch Railway was built or the Glasgow and Glen Kirk railway was built. The Terminus for them was up here which is was called Buchanan Street Station, and is now on Kevin’s road. And there used to be a scotrail offices up there. And I always wondered why it was far away from Queen Street Station. Well, it seems like the railway probably owned the land from its origins as Buchanan Street Station. I believe there’s a Network Rail offices still in that building, a modern building. Anyway, coming back to the canal, the monkland Canal we see here. Let’s zoom in a second. Chemical works. This was Charles tenant’s chemical works. And we’ll come back to Charles Tennant later he was very influential in the development of the glass Gundam Kirk railway. The land now as we can see on the right hand side is being cleared. It used to be where the site till flats where they’ve been blown up, and they’re building modern housing, they’re now also just over to the right we see the famous St. rollex works on this 1888 map. Of course, they weren’t there when the Glasgow and game kick or mountains and kirkintilloch railways were built, but they were very famous railway works. Now as we can see, that’s a Tesco superstore. That’s a Costco large warehouse. I believe that’s the Royal Mail Depo. So plenty of stuff going on there. Now. Industrial works back in the 1800s. Zooming out for a second we begin to see that on the modern maps, the monkland can Now is buried under the M eight motorway. We have lost it at this point here where these basins are. The modern motorway has been built right over the top of the monkland Canal. One day somebody will pick up the M eight and find the monkland Canal right underneath it. No If we follow the route to the monkland Canal, we see it’s under the M eight continues to be under the M eight big words at block n which is now another industrial estate. The M eight is exactly following the line of the monkland Canal which is really quite spooky, isn’t it? There’s railway lines there which again, were more recent than Glasgow and GM Kirk or monkland and kirkintilloch. We follow the route round and the M eight is still following right over the top of the monkland Canal. something of a shame. Slightly ironic Borden road transport has beaten old canal transport. We follow it along this on the line of the MA motorway and we follow along still following motorway, Glasgow for shopping center in what was fields back in the 1800s. Still following the an eight canal, there is the canal coming through and there we begin to see where it’s broken away the M eight heads a bit further south. But the canal here is along this line of trees. If we zoom in onto this line of trees, we’re going to see that we don’t see any water the canal is filled in. There may be a bit of a track that you could possibly follow along. But there ain’t no canal there anymore which is rather side. Follow around. called shaft up they’re long gone. Follow it round. crosses what is now the M 74 Canal about there were this gulets was, again still filled in, we can see the line fall in these line of trees. So there might be something there to be seen or filled in canal bed. But but no canal, I’m afraid, but we can ask him to start again fairly soon. There we go. So there we see the canal starting again and this again is navigable and walkable along so it’s been filled in up to this point, and it’s going to continue most of the way to Coatbridge. There is the direct Glasgow and Coatbridge line which was built quite a few years after the Glasgow and GM tech line as a more direct route. Here we follow the canal again we see it some sort of junction going on here once upon a time wonder if there’s anything in those trees. Dramatic Penny quarry that was Kalia colori that was Here we go monkland Canal along here on the old map there is on the new map following it around another quarry there. tunnel pits. Now I don’t know that looks like a lot months have been built on it a bit, it’s probably not safe to build houses on that crossing over and then we lose the canal again on the modern map. But there is still on the old map. And if we flip to Open Street Map, which is another useful source Licensed under Creative Commons, we can see the line the blue line here shows that there must be a path going through still following the line of where the canal was. We can also look at the Ordnance Survey open data, this is publicly available data and the mapping is not as good as the IRS maps that you buy. Alright, let’s jump back to being hybrid. Follow the line of canal was comes up to their West canal streets obviously was on the canal but spit of green space probably past that you can walk your dog along and then we completely lose it in this all around here has been filled in that bit along there is now the South circular road let’s zoom out just a little bit this up here is also been filled in but trees and so on so maybe modern railway line yet there’s a railway line there canal filled in next to it bit of industrial park bit of woodland etc to nothing to be seen of the canal now in modern Coatbridge which is rather side. Just go down and follow this bit here. Yep, that’s a retail Park farraday retail park where the North British Ironworks was and the Canadian Continued along here past all these fan is an Ironworks, many of which wouldn’t have been there when the canal was built. And we can see where it’s been filled in. It’s rather a shame following it around here, looks is still track so we can still see bits of it in the track monkland Canal tracks track down there if we just quickly jump to OpenStreetMap. North called a Heritage Trail so there’s a trail now a Heritage Trail that follows along the line of where the canal was. And we’re soon going to join in to the river. Yep, there we go. There we joined back to canal the trail follows along beside it, go to the hybrid map. Yep, following along there, we can see And as soon as we get to North Korea, which is just around here, dismantled away along there sort of see signs in the area map probably can’t see much in the ground. And we skim around here there’s another Qadri up there long gone. Korean shafts here and we’re now in a North colder water. So it’s reverted to being a river as it was. Yep, at Calder bank. So canal has become lost in the river and that’s bad. Oh, I’m just gonna have a last look on Open Street. See what it says. Yep, the pathway is still following it along there. Which is good. Okay, that’s all we have to say on the monkland Canal. We’ll come back in a second for the monkland content. Look right away.