Hey, Mike Koplitz back here with you welcoming you to session two, this is E preaching. We’re going to take a quick look at the Christian year, because you may want to tailor your messages to the time of year it is. Now for some of us, or some of you, I should say that are just substituting here and there. You may or may not want to take this into account. But I think it’s important that you understand the year and what’s going on in the year and in the worksheet. There’s some things for you to go look up. Use the internet or you can Google is a great place. Be careful what and who you’re looking at because there’s a lot of junk out there as there is in truth. Christian gear starts with Advent. Which is the first Sunday of Advent. That’s considered the beginning of the Christian year. Why it doesn’t correspond to the calendar. guesses as good as mine. Advent is time to the year that we’re supposed to take notice of ourselves to prepare ourselves for the second coming of Jesus. Usually the first Sunday of Advent is about the Second Coming. And if Jesus doesn’t come like right now, okay, you didn’t come since the video still running, then you’re preparing to celebrate his birth. Now of course, you can ask the interesting question, think about why was it so important that we celebrate the birth of Jesus but that’s a whole theological type question. For Sunday’s and Advent. There are themes to each of the four Sundays. You’ll see that in the scriptures. Again, you can or It’s a good time to decide whether you want to preach about that or not. Of course then comes Christmas, New year, new year’s because to me Christmas Eve through. Well goes up to epiphany. Here’s where the fun begins. epiphany is actually January 6. And it depends on what lectionary you’re looking at, or sometimes which denomination you’re in. Where the Sunday of Christmas, sometimes there’s one after Christmas, sometimes there’s two, depending on where Christmas lands in that particular time crit. When we read Christmas, of course, you’re going to talk about the birth of Jesus, that’s easy. And all your theme should be in that direction. epiphany in January 6, is when it starts, goes for a couple of weeks, and you’re talking about the introduction of Jesus to the world. It’s usually done through the baptism stories in In john, it’s a little different. I can’t think of what it is offhand. Yes, it is. Yes. I know what it is. I’m sorry. It’s the wedding. It Kanaan is when Jesus is introduced to the world because that’s, that’s just John’s Gospel. He’s a little different there. So you have some baptism things have Chisholm things you can talk about. Of course, you’ve got Paul’s letters in there other scriptures you can use. Then we reach a section called Ordinary Time, and it’s going to happen twice in the calendar year. depends on when, when lint starts. So you’ll have epiphany. And then you could have a very tiny amount of ordinary time. And then you would come down and all of a sudden you’re in Lent, sometimes or on top of each other. Sometimes you’re pretty why 2017 they should be wide. That’s when your Easter’s going to land in. Wow, land somewhere in May practically and your Pentecost ends June. Ordinary Time is ordinary time. The lectionary passages do not match up with each other. There’s really no theme going on during this time. You could pick anything you want and it fits. Of course, Len starts with Ash Wednesday. This is the time of the seven weeks of repentance. What’s interesting about Lent is the Sunday does not count toward the counting of the days of Lent. So there’s 40 days of Lent, but Sunday’s don’t count. A lot of people don’t know that. during Lent, you’re going to talk about being remorseful. Not that you shouldn’t be doing this all year long, but we seem to concentrate on that pretty heavily a lot of prayers that confession pop up and liturgies at this time, even in the Methodist Church, and we don’t like we don’t like prayers or confession too often. But they’re there. Then of course you reach Easter all Easter’s easy resurrection of Christ. That’s That’s easy. The celebrations And then Eastern will continue. And you can talk about the different resurrection scenes that you find in the gospels, those resurrection stories like the road to amass is a good one. And there’s a whole bunch of them out there that you can, you can take your look see at Pentecost comes on one day, it’s going to come on, it’ll come 50 days after Easter, of course, we’re going to do some rounding up and downs because we like to have it stationary on the calendar. This is the introduction of the power of the Holy Spirit. Now a lot of people will say to you and and your pricing the way but that’s what we received the Holy Spirit, you received the power of the Holy Spirit. Holy Spirit’s always been there. If you believe in Trinity Father, Son and Spirit, then they’ve been with the with all three of them unless you’re orthodox, have always been together since beginning of time. So Pentecost becomes the power of the Holy Spirit. given to the apostles, and when you look at what they can do after they receive after the Pentecost, after they received the Holy Spirit, you’ll see what I mean by that. Pentecost. Well, one week I like to leave red in the sanctuary a little bit longer because you’re going to go back into green for dinner every time. I should mention that here in a second. But Ordinary Time again, topics don’t really matter. colors. There are colors of the pyramids. Those things you put on the lectern and on the altar. They tell you what season you’re in. Advent. Used to be purple. Now what’s considered blue. A lot of churches don’t have blue, they stay with purple. I think it was a way for cokesbury and those fellows make lots of good money. Christmases white, epiphany is white, ordinary time it turns to green. Land is purple. Easter is white. Pentecost is red. Gotta be careful. There are some day Sundays of white that float inside that ordinary time. And in. So you want to be careful of it. It’s all on the internet, all you have to do is look up a liturgical calendar and they’ll give you all the colors mean that’s, that’s probably the easiest way to do it. If you’re concerned about which colors which most your people won’t even know, they don’t worry about such things. Several things here that I also had scheduled for, for us in less than two weeks guess I should go over them even though I may have touched them on the first lesson. The lectionary, the common lectionary is a three year cycle of Scripture. It’s labeled A, B and C for the three years. Right now we’re in C. You might want to contemplate this. Not you know what it is? It’s scriptures. It’s usually four to six Six scriptures that are assigned to each Sunday, ask yourself and contemplate what value would that have to you if you were preaching every Sunday? I know many of you aren’t preaching every Sunday. But if you had to do this 50 weeks a year, plus there’s a bunch of extras in there, you know, like Ash Wednesday and Holy Thursday and things like that. What value would the lectionary have to you? Then there are also times George, where it’s really not worth using. So think about the advantages and disadvantages of the lectionary and see what what comes to your mind about them. The other thing I wanted to mention here in this particular session, there are different types of congregations. And when you’re going to be substituting in your preaching at a church, you will know what size it is. It is a small family sized church isn’t a medium sized church. Is it a large church is it the corporate size because Give me the size of the church does make a difference to the worship that they like. You need to know what worship style the church likes, ask the pastor. Because you are delivery of your sermon actually would be different. If it’s for the contemporary people versus the traditional people can be different. Also, ask yourself this question ponder this. Does age make a difference in who you’re delivering a sermon? Is there a difference between preaching to a bunch of people that are 70 and over versus a bunch of people that are 20 and younger? So contemplate that for a while? I’d like you to think about that. Obviously, the answer, obviously answers you’re going to preach a little differently to them. What kind of language can you use? How much will they know how much church stuff will they know? Those kinds of things become important to know. The big one to understand is that when we got to the Millennium around 2000, we actually moved into the postmodern period. Now anthropologists come up with these names and dates. So don’t hold my feet to the fire for this. This comes out of anthropology. Around 1500, we saw the beginning of the end of the feudal system, and anthropologist called it the modern, the modern world, and it lasts about 500 years. And what triggers us going from feudalism to times to modern times, really, honestly, was the printing press. the printing press allowed ideas to flow like wildfire. If it wasn’t for the Gutenberg printing press, Martin Luther, and the whole Protestant Reformation probably would never have occurred, because now you could get information out fast. Not like the internet, not that fast, pretty darn fast. So, the 95 theses that Martin Luther and he nailed to the Wittenberg, church door was in print and being distributed before the weekend ever showed up. That would have been October 31 1517. Philosophers during the modern period sold us this bill of goods that said, if each of us becomes an individual thinker, that is, they were against nations, they felt that nations and especially kingdoms would were causing all the wars that were happening. It was nobleman and kings were fighting against others for stuff that they wanted, and they didn’t care how many of their own people died. We were like cannon fodder and men of the great wars were occurring during that time period. And they actually like the Crusades occurred, actually back in the feudal period, but as they move into the modern period, they’re saying, Let’s not do this, let’s think individually because if we think as an individual and not communal, then the community won’t come together for war. Yeah, 500 years later, it was pretty well proven they were wrong. Even though individualism is really big, especially in Western Europe and North America, didn’t stop the wars. The idea that Jesus died for you as an individual, and God wants an individual relationship with you, that rhetoric started with those I shouldn’t say rather, God, please forgive me for that. That idea started during this modern period. If you go into the scriptures and look and I’ve had this discussion with lots of people, so you don’t have to buy into what I’m selling, but I’m saying if you go in To the Bible, you’re going to find many, many more references about the community in general than about the individual. Not that they’re not there. There are some individual stories there. But individualism is really going to flourish during these last 500 years. Around 1976 in the University of Paris in France, this idea of postmodern thinking came up. And you know, why postmodern thinkers believe we need to go back to individualism. Yeah, big surprise. The computer, and the internet is the kicker for the postmodern world. Because now millennialist, the millennials, these kids who were born into these ideas of post modernism can create virtual communities. I have a daughter who’s 28 years old, who must have over 1500 friends on Facebook, and communicate with them all and seems to know them all. It’s like got, the more you got the better. communes are big. But virtual communes are even bigger. The worship is different. If you’re dealing with a group of post modern kids, we call that emergent worship and that we covered in the worship class, you can always Google it and see the difference. But if you’re preaching to a group of postmodern kids, young people, you’re going to have to say things different because they were taught that there’s no one answer. And Christianity is always preached, it has one answer Jesus Christ. What I would say to postmoderns is, I have a proven solution to your question that they’ll bought. they’re okay with that. Because I’m not discounting. Remember the A lot of other religions in the world and Christianity. And if, if God only wanted to have one religion, then why so many others, so to say to a postmodern is Christianity or hell, they’re just gonna walk away from you. It makes a difference in how you’re presenting the gospel. So here we go, pull out your worksheet, work on it, use the internet, a lot of thinking on your part. need to hear your opinions. Again, remember, we do share these things. Please send the worksheets in as soon as you can get to them. And God bless you and I’ll see you in lesson three.